Understanding Advaita Vedanta
References cited by Adi Shankara in his Bhashya on Vishnu Sahasranama
Updated on: 20th September 2015
Part V, Page 2/3 - References cited by Adi Shankara in his Bhashya on Vishnu Sahasranama
This is Page 2/3 of Part V.
This part lists references cited by Sri Adi Shankara Bhagavadpada in his Vishnu Sahasranama bhashya.
Table Of Contents
Updated 20th September 2015
For personal Reference, I have noted page numbers of Vishnu Sahasranama - Shankar Bhashya, Hindi translation by Gita Press, Reprinted in 2013 (Vikram Samvat 2069). Page numbers of the uploaded version on scribd may differ, as the version uploaded is very old. Many shastras are quoted multiple times. I have not collected each citation. At few places I have also noted down verse numbers that I found of interest.
Please note that the list is not exhaustive.
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Not all may refer Translation by Gita Press. Hence for easy reference and coping, I have collected all references in list form.
Brihad Naradiya Purana (Narada Purana)
Bhavishyottara or Bhavishya Purana
Hari or Harivamsa Purana – Up-Purana
Vishnu Dharma or Vishnu Dharmotara Purana – Up-Purana
Kaushitaki (Brahman) Upanishad
Brahma Yajnyavalkya Smriti
Puranas: Detailed with verse nos
v: verse no
There is no mention of Bhagavat Purana (Srimad Bhagavatam), highly revered by Vaishnavas, which is unexpected while commenting on Vishnu Sahasranama. This may indicate that Bhagavat Purana might be written recently and Original Purana might be Devi Bhagavat. Some Scholars are of the opinion that it might be authored by Vopadeva.
There is a mention of Padma Purana. Version available today contains verses on 6.236.7-11 (Bengali Version) that are used to accuse him (Adi Shankara) and advaita. Later verses categorizes Puranas as Sattvik, Rajasic and Tamasic. Further the verses say that Tamasic Puranas, which eulogize Shiva, lead one to hell. If those verses were available during his time, I do not think he would have cited references from them i.e. Linga Purana and Shiva Purana. Rajasic Puranas praises Brahma, and we find Brahma Purana as Rajasic. This clearly shows that the controversial verses were absent during his time. To add to it, his direct and immediate disciples did not refuted any of the accusations against our acharya or advaita. This type of accusations cannot be ignored. Lack of refutation of his direct disciple indicates absence of these verses during their time. It implies that the verses are interpolation. Matsya Purana contains different classification. To add to it, Padma Purana is considered as most corrupted Purana, specially the uttara Khanda. This is because there are two version available – Bengali and South Indian, each differing in content says scholars. Swiping from Sankrit to Bengali and back to Sanskrit could have been the cause of corruption. Bengalis often replace ‘v’ with ‘b’ e.g. Buddha ‘Vihar’ changed ‘Bihar’. ‘Vanga’ changed to ‘Benga’, which got changed to ‘Bengal’. ‘Vanga Bandhu’ changed to ‘Banga Bandhu’.
Presence of Up-Puranas like Harivamsa and Vishnu Dharmottara indicates that Up-Puranas are important too, though the authorship is not attributed to Veda-Vyas or the authorship is disputed like in case of above up-puranas and Devi Bhagavat
Some doubt authenticity of Linga Purana. They believe that Shiva Purana is authentic and the main Shaiva Purana. However, contrary to popular belief, our acharya did not had same opinion. According to some scholars it is VAyu Purana, as historians find it oldest, second comes Linga Purana. However, to th best of my knowledge, our acharya has not cited VAyu Purana.
10 Principle Upanishads have been omitted
Note: Panini Sutra is mentioned at least 5-6 times, Rig Veda 2-3 times.