References cited by Adi Shankara in his Bhashya on Vishnu Sahasranama

For personal Reference, I have noted page numbers of Vishnu Sahasranama - Shankar Bhashya, Hindi translation by Gita Press, Reprinted in 2013 (Vikram Samvat 2069). Page numbers of the uploaded version on scribd may differ, as the version uploaded is very old. Many shastras are quoted multiple times. I have not collected each citation. At few places I have also noted down verse numbers that I found of interest.

 

References (Combined)


Not all may refer Translation by Gita Press. Hence for easy reference and coping, I have collected all references in list form.

  1. Linga Purana
  2. Garuda Purana
  3. Skanda Purana
  4. Brihad Naradiya Purana (Narada Purana)
  5. Bhavishyottara or Bhavishya Purana
  6. Hari or Harivamsa Purana – Up-Purana
  7. Vishnu Dharma or Vishnu Dharmotara Purana – Up-Purana
  8. Vishnu Purana
  9. Padma Purana
  10. Shiva Purana
  11. Brahma Purana
  12. Narasimha Up-Purana
  13. Mantra Upanishad
  14. Kaivalya Upanishad
  15. Narayana Upanishad
  16. Svetashvatara Upanishad
  17. Kaushitaki (Brahman) Upanishad 
  18. Brahma Yajnyavalkya Smriti
  19. Manu Smriti
  20. Atri Smriti
  21. Daksha Smriti
  22. Valmiki Ramayana 
  23. Mahabharata
  24. Purush Suktam
  25. Panini Sutra
  26. Shukla Yajurveda
  27. Aeitriya Aranyaka
  28. Taitariya Samhita
  29. Taitariya Brahman
  30. Rig Veda


Puranas

 

 Sr. No.  Name  Name Page No.
 1 Linga Purana padacCeda 18, 48
 2 Garuda Purana  20
 3 Skanda Purana  20
 4 Brihad Naradiya Purana (Narada Purana) 1.51.10  20, 258
 5 Bhavishyottara or Bhavishya Purana  31
 6 Hari or Harivamsa Purana – Up-Purana 
 18, 31,  32, 51
 7 Vishnu Dharma or Vishnu Dharmotara Purana – Up-Purana  36, 233. 263
 8 Vishnu Purana  14, 18, 31, etc
 9 Padma Purana  48
 10 Shiva Purana  98
 11 Brahma Purana (130.18, 83.17)  143, 113, 238
 12   Narasimha Up-Purana (245 - nArAyaNa)  121


Puranas: Detailed with verse nos



[under construction]

Legend:

P: padacCeda
v: verse no

 Sr. No.  Name  Name Page No.
 1 Linga Purana
 2.7.11
 
P, v10
 
18
48
 2 Garuda Purana
 1.230.28
 
P, v10

17
 20
 3 Skanda Purana  20
 4 Brihad Naradiya Purana (Narada Purana)
 1.51.10
 
 
P, v10
 
19
20, 258
 5 Bhavishyottara or Bhavishya Purana  31
 6 Hari or Harivamsa Purana – Up-Purana
 3.89.9
 
P, v10
 
18
31
32
51
 7 Vishnu Dharma or Vishnu Dharmotara Purana – Up-Purana  36, 233. 263
 8 Vishnu Purana
 6.2.17
 6.8.20, 6.8.19
 6.2.17 (same as page 14)
 
P, v8
P, v8
P, v8
 
14
18
19
31
 9 Padma Purana  48
 10 Shiva Purana  98
 11 Brahma Purana (130.18, 83.17)  143, 113, 238
 12   Narasimha Up-Purana (245 - nArAyaNa)  121



Note:

  1. There is no mention of Bhagavat Purana (Srimad Bhagavatam), highly revered by Vaishnavas, which is unexpected while commenting on Vishnu Sahasranama. This may indicate that Bhagavat Purana might be written recently and Original Purana might be Devi Bhagavat. Some Scholars are of the opinion that it might be authored by Vopadeva.
  2. There is a mention of Padma Purana. Version available today contains verses on 6.236.7-11 (Bengali Version) that are used to accuse him (Adi Shankara) and advaita. Later verses categorizes Puranas as Sattvik, Rajasic and Tamasic. Further the verses say that Tamasic Puranas, which eulogize Shiva, lead one to hell. If those verses were available during his time, I do not think he would have cited references from them i.e. Linga Purana and Shiva Purana. Rajasic Puranas praises Brahma, and we find Brahma Purana as Rajasic. This clearly shows that the controversial verses were absent during his time. To add to it, his direct and immediate disciples did not refuted any of the accusations against our acharya or advaita. This type of accusations cannot be ignored. Lack of refutation of his direct disciple indicates absence of these verses during their time. It implies that the verses are interpolation. Matsya Purana contains different classification. To add to it, Padma Purana is considered as most corrupted Purana, specially the uttara Khanda. This is because there are two version available – Bengali and South Indian, each differing in content says scholars. Swiping from Sankrit to Bengali and back to Sanskrit could have been the cause of corruption. Bengalis often replace ‘v’ with ‘b’ e.g. Buddha ‘Vihar’ changed ‘Bihar’. ‘Vanga’ changed to ‘Benga’, which got changed to ‘Bengal’. ‘Vanga Bandhu’ changed to ‘Banga Bandhu’.
  3. Presence of Up-Puranas like Harivamsa and Vishnu Dharmottara indicates that Up-Puranas are important too, though the authorship is not attributed to Veda-Vyas or the authorship is disputed like in case of above up-puranas and Devi Bhagavat
  4. Some doubt authenticity of Linga Purana. They believe that Shiva Purana is authentic and the main Shaiva Purana. However, contrary to popular belief, our acharya did not had same opinion. According to some scholars it is VAyu Purana, as historians find it oldest, second comes Linga Purana. However, to th best of my knowledge, our acharya has not cited VAyu Purana.

 

Upanishads

 

10 Principle Upanishads have been omitted


 Sr. No.  Name  Page No.
 11Mantra Upanishad of Svetasvarata shAkhA  6.11, 6.18) Sv. Up
 24
 12 Kaivalya Upanishad 1.3, 1.4, 1.5, 8 (27-Shiva) 33, 79, 263
 13 Narayana Upanishad 68 (not a part of 108 upanishads of Muktika)
 56
 14 Svetashvatara Upanishad 6.11 73
 15 Kaushitaki (Brahman) Upanishad 133

 

Smritis

 

 Sr. No.  Name  Page No.
 1 Brahma Yajnyavalkya Smriti 27
 2 Manu Smriti 29
 3 Atri Smriti 1.9 and 1.11 56
 4 Daksha Smriti – 3.31 232

 

Ramanaya


 Sr. No. Name  Page No.
 1 Valmiki Ramayana 1.8.18 155

  

Note: Valmiki Ramayana is mentioned at least 3-4 times

 

Mahabharata


 Sr. No.  Name  Page No.
 2 Mahabharat Udyog Parva – 17 45
  Vana Parva 58
  Moksha Dharma 84
  Shanti Parva 84
  Bhishma Parva 90
  Shravan Parva – 93 228
  Anu Parva 185.39 (verse quoted is different from today’s version) 256

 

 Sr. No.  Name  Page No.

 Nahush – adhogati 43-44
  Mahabharat – the fifth Veda 74
  Mahabharat is written by Ved Vyasa 86
  Mahabharat Composed by Krishna Dvaipayana Veda Vyasa, who is an avatar of Vishnu 175

 

Miscellaneous

 

 Sr. No.  Name  Page No.
 1 Purush Suktam 98
 2 Panini Sutra 74
 3 Shukla Yajurveda 195
 4 Aeitriya Aranyaka 91, 211
 5 Taitariya Samhita 256
 6 Taitariya Brahman 263
 7 Rig Veda 89

 Note: Panini Sutra is mentioned at least 5-6 times, Rig Veda 2-3 times.

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